Eddie Bert, a swinging bebop trombonist whose aggressive, bouncing playing style was deeply influenced by his love for the instrument's singing voice and who appeared on 336 known recording sessions starting in 1942, including Rudy Van Gelder's first engineered LP in 1952, died on September 28. He was 90.
Greatly assisted by fearless ambition and a quest for excellence, Eddie's early drive resulted in meeting Trummy Young outside a ballroom in New York in the late 1930s. Taken with Eddie's honest approach, Young sent Eddie to Miff Mole for lessons. In 1941 Eddie was discovered in Greenwich Village by Red Norvo, who hired him for his band. Eddie's wife Mollie recorded him off the radio playing with Norvo in January 1942.
After joining Charlie Barnet in 1943, Eddie met Dizzy Gillespie [pictured above], who taught him bebop chord changes. When Barnet's bassist Chubby Jackson left for Woody Herman's band, Eddie soon switched bands as well. Drafted into the Army in 1944, Eddie spent the war as a musician, primarily in a band led by Bill Finegan.
Discharged in1946, Eddie soon joined Herbie Fields and became friends with arrangers Neal Hefti and Manny Albam. When Kai Winding told Eddie he was leaving Stan Kenton's band, Eddie wrote the bandleader and was hired in 1947. But Eddie was homesick and detested California, using Kenton's West-to-East tour in 1947 to return to New York. During this period, he recorded his first famous trombone solo in December 1947 behind June Christy [pictured above in 1947] singing How High the Moon.
His roommate while on the Kenton band was Art Pepper. Eddie told me during an interview:
"Wow, Art was unpredictable. The guy was very taken with himself and wanted to be the greatest alto player in the world. He even had acetates of his playing to listen to on the road. He was a smart guy who unfortunately got hung up on drugs young. But he had a great sound and great jazz ideas."
"We rehearsed together four times. Then one day I came in and they told me Kai Winding would be playing trombone, not me. It turned out to be Miles' 'Birth of the Cool' band. I never understood why I had been bumped.
"Some 20 years later I ran into Junior Collins, the French hornist who played in the group. He asked me, 'Hey, did they ever tell you what I told Miles you said?' 'No, what did you say?' I asked. Junior said, 'I told Miles you said the band was out of tune.' I couldn’t believe it. I told Junior, 'But I never said anything like that—why would you say something like that?' He said, “I don't know. It was getting boring.' "
But bad luck was good luck. Eddie left the studio and walked into another where Benny Goodman was rehearsing his bebop band. Eddie was hired and remained with the band until 1949. After leaving Goodman, Eddie played in "The Band That Never Was," a 27-piece rehearsal band that never officially recorded but featured a who's who of New York players, including Charlie Parker.
Eddie moved on to Artie Shaw's bebop band in 1949 and the following year was back with Woody Herman, rooming with trombonist Bill Harris. In 1950, he joined his friend Shorty Rogers in Stan Kenton's band, leaving the orchestra later in the year in New York with Conte Candoli to record with Chico O'Farrill, who had written many of the arrangements for the Goodman bop band.
In 1952, with the rise of the 10-inch LP and demand for musicians with new ideas, Eddie began recording as a leader. Throughout the 1950s, Eddie recorded in small groups and big bands, developing an ever-rounder sound that was distinctly East Coast in tone and power.
As the years passed, Eddie was featured on recordings by leading big bands, including Elliot Lawrence, Sauter-Finegan, Johnny Richards, Machito, George Siravo, Gene Krupa, Rex Stewart and many others. In the '60s and '70s, he was in band recordings led by Charles Mingus, Nat Pierce, Sy Oliver, Lionel Hampton, Thelonious Monk and the Thad Jones & Mel Lewis orchestra. [Pictured above, from left: Al Cohn, Al Porcino, Charlie Parker and Eddie Bert]
Over the years I often called Eddie to chat about his band days—first spending time on the phone with Mollie, who would fill me in on family doings. When Eddie came on, his voice always had an Old New York sound to it, like the guys who hung around boxing gyms in the movies. And he'd just pick up where we left off the last time.
The East Coast session featured Eddie Bert, Jimmy Cleveland, Henry Coker, Bennie Green [pictured], Melba Liston, Benny Powell, Frank Rehak, Bob Brookmeyer, Dick Hickson and Bart Varsalona—all in one trombone section. They were backed by Hank Jones (piano), Wendell Marshall (bass) and Osie Johnson (drums). The arranger was J.J. Johnson. (Substitutions on the three different dates included Milt Hinton in for Marshall, and Bob Alexander in for Henry Coker.)
On the West Coast, two different sets of trombonists were used for the two dates. The sliders included Marshall Cram, Herbie Harper, Joe Howard, Ed Kusby, Dick Nash, Murray McEachern, Tommy Pederson, Frank Beach, George Roberts, Ken Shroyer, Milt Bernhart, Bob Fitzpatrick, Joe Howard, Lewis McGreery, Frank Rosolino, Dave Wells and Bob Brookmeyer (working both coasts!). The rhythm section featured Marty Paich (piano), Barney Kessel (guitar), Red Mitchell (bass) and Mel Lewis (drums). The California arranging was handled by Paich and Warren Barker.
What did Eddie think?
"I didn't like the date. I can't explain why. I just remember it was a drag. That's what sticks in my mind. We recorded it at Bell Sound on West 54th, and I remember it didn't lay right. It had absolutely nothing to do with J.J.'s writing. There were just too many trombones. Who needed so many? It was a drag. Some dates are like that. Hey, other guys who were there may have a different opinion. That's just mine."
What made Eddie special is his love of jazz, all-in enthusiasm and love for life. Mollie (who died some months back) idolized him and made the jazz life much easier for Eddie, who in later years wasn't shy about voicing disappointment about most musicians' inability to swing. I'm going to miss Eddie, who spoke like he played and always had a twinkle in his eye. [Pictured above: Eddie Bert]
JazzWax note: For my four-part interview with Eddie Bert in 2007, go here (links to additional parts appear above the red date at Part 1).
- Gil Melle—New Faces, New Sounds (1952), Rudy Van Gelder's first engineered LP.
- Eddie Bert—Kaleidoscope (1953)
- Al Cohn—East Coast/West Coast Scene (1954)
- Elliot Lawrence—Plays Gerry Mulligan Arrangements (1955)
- Kenny Clarke—Kenny Clarke/Ernie Wilkins (1955)
- Eddie Bert—Crosstown (1955)
- Eddie Bert—I Hear Music-Modern Music (1955)
- Charles Mingus—At the Bohemia (1955)
- Duke Jordan—Flight to Jordan (1955)
- Elliot Lawrence—Plays Tiny Kahn and Johnny Mandel (1956)
- Gil Melle—Patterns in Jazz (1956)
- J.J. Johnson—Jay and Kai + 6 (1956)
- Tom Talbert—Bix, Duke, Fats (1956)
- Maynard Ferguson—Dreamband (1956)
- Teddy Charles—Word From Bird (1956)
- Machito—Kenya (1957)
- Gene Krupa—Plays Gerry Mulligan Arrangements (1958)
- Urbie Green—The Message (1959)
- Lee Konitz—You and Lee (1959)
- Charles Mingus—Town Hall Concert (1962)
- Manny Albam—Brass on Fire (1966)
- Thad Jones/Mel Lewis—Central Park North (1969)
- Thad Jones/Mel Lewis—Consummation (1970)
- Sal Salvador—Starfingers (1978)
JazzWax clips: Here's Eddie Bert and J.R. Monterose on Conversation. You'll find this one on Crosstown...
Here's Al Cohn's Inside Out with Eddie Bert from East Coast/West Coast Scene...